With iPhone 4′s improved camera and HD video, should I go 32GB? (updated)

by Justin Horn on Jun 11th, 2010 @ 10:45 am

Check out the new post discussing the iPhone 4S photos & videos

UPDATE 6.18.10 Looks like my estimates below were pretty close. Leaked video comes out to 83.4 MB/ min and pictures about 2.6MB. (Read More)

One year ago today, I created a post to help those getting ready to buy the iPhone 3GS decide if going 32GB was worth the extra $100. Today I’m going to ask the same question of the upcoming iPhone 4 using the same template as last year.

The iPhone 3GS at 3MP has an average files size of about 1.3MB. The move to 5MP should make the average size about 2.7MB. So assuming you have 500 pictures on your iPhone the difference between the 3GS and 4 would be about 700 MB, not that big of a deal for that amount of photos. So just like the 3G to 3GS, the improved camera isn’t a reason to grab the 32GB model.

Video recording on the iPhone 3GS is VGA quality, 640 x 480 at 30 frames per second. This is the same as the new front facing camera on the iPhone 4. The calculations are assuming the same 24 bit depth as the previous models.

Using the same formulas as last year to calculate the size in kilobytes (KB) of one frame of uncompressed video:

Frame size K = ( [Pixel Width x Pixel Height x Bit Depth] / 8 ) / 1024

Where 8 represents an 8-bit byte, and 1024 equals the number of bytes per kilobytes.

To determine the file size of one second of uncompressed video, multiply the image size by the number of frames per second (fps).

To determine how compression affects file size, divide the file size by the compression ratio.

Me on the compression ratio last year:

Based on my research I found the compression ratio of standard MPEG-4 is about 30-40:1 and the newer H.264 (or MPEG-4 AVC) which the iPhone uses is about 1.5 – 2x better. For my cacluations below I will use a H.264 compression ratio of 60:1, just about in the middle of what I found.

This 60:1 ratio I calculated last year turns out to be a bit too high when looking at actual videos from the 3GS. Part of this might due to the fact that I’m not calculating the audio portion of the recording, but in practice a compression ratio of 40:1 is very close for the average recording.

NOTE This ratio might be off if the compression algorithm has been stepped up on the iPhone 4 with it’s speedier CPU, but this should be a pretty close estimate.

So let’s recalculate the 3GS size and compare that to the 4. This year let’s take a more moderate 250 mins of video usage vs the 500 I used last year. This would be about 50, 5 minute videos.

UPDATE A lot of comments I’m getting that 250 minutes is a crazy amount for a phone. This is just an example and assumes keeping videos on your camera roll and building them up over time. I know after 6 months or so my camera roll gets filled with hundreds of pictures and lots of videos. So yes, you can download them off the phone at any time, but I like to have videos and pics on my phone to show people. To make it easier to calculate how much you think you will use, I’ve added storage needed for 1 minute. So, for example, if you think you only need 30 mins of video on your iPhone 4 you are looking at: 89 MB * 30 mins…only 2.6 GBs.

iPhone 3GS video size for 250 mins:

( [640 x 480 x 24] / 8 ) / 1024 = 900 KB / frame

900KB/frame x 30 frames/sec = 27000 KB/sec

27000 KB/sec  / 40 compression ratio = 675 KB/sec compressed

675 KB/sec * 250 min * 60 s / min * 1 MB / 1024 KB  * 1GB / 1024 MB = 9.66 GB (39 MB / min)

This seems to be the wrong resolution, see updated version below

iPhone 4 video size for 250 mins:

( [960 x 720 x 24] / 8 ) / 1024 = 2025 KB / frame

2025 KB/frame x 30 frames/sec = 60750 KB/sec

60750 KB/sec  /  40 compression ratio = 1518.75 KB/s compressed

1,518.75 KB/sec compressed * 250 min * 60 s / min * 1 MB / 1024 KB  * 1GB / 1024 MB = 21.73 GB (89 MB / min)

UPDATE In the comments below and elsewhere people have been questioning my use 960 x 720 for the iPhone 4 HD resolution because the standard 720p is 1280×720. I was assuming Apple would stick with the same aspect ratio of the iPhone 3GS for video, 4:3. 720 in 4:3 ratio is 960. The new digital camera still shoots in this 4:3 aspect ratio as seen in the sample pictures on Apple’s website.  So really I think this could go either way, but below I present the amount of storage that would be used if the iPhone 4 were using true 720p HD quality.

UPDATE 2 Watching the demo in the keynote, it looks like the video is in 16:9 aspect ratio.  Guess all my naysayers were correct, but I’m happy to be wrong on this one…I’ll take letterboxed playback on the 1.5 aspect iPhone vs the weird 960 x 720 resolution I was thinking.

iPhone 4 video size for 250 mins if true 720p (1280 x 720):

( [1280 x 720 x 24] / 8 ) / 1024 = 2700 KB / frame

2700 KB/frame x 30 frames/sec = 81000 KB/sec

81000 KB/sec  /  40 compression ratio = 2025 KB/s compressed

2025 KB/sec compressed * 250 min * 60 s / min * 1 MB / 1024 KB  * 1GB / 1024 MB = 28.97 GB (118 MB / min)

If a higher 60:1 compression ratio is used by the more powerfull iPhone 4: 79 MB / min

So as expected more than doubling the resolution more than doubles the size of the video. So with the HD video recording even 64 GB could be a limiting factor. Hey Apple, were is our 64 GB version of the iPhone 4?

So like last year, the jump in the still camera mega pixels won’t affect your space enough for you to warrant an upgrade to 32GB if you are currently happy with your 16GB iPhone, but if you are planning on shooting a decent amount of video…that’s a different story. When you factor in all storage you’re already using for apps, music, and pictures you aren’t left with much. Even with a 32GB model most people won’t be able to hold anything near my calculated 250 mins which would take up about 60% (more like 90% with true 720p) of the total storage. So with this in mind I can’t recommend saving the $100, just go for the 32GB!

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iOS multitasking explained, again

by Justin Horn on Apr 19th, 2010 @ 11:51 am

Related Post: Almost 2 years after I wrote this post, the debate continues. Here’s a great post from Fraser Speirs, backing up my point (aka the truth), “iOS Multitasking in Detail”

There is a lot of confusion surrounding iPhone multitasking. John Gruber of Daring Fireball kicked off the latest round of debate with his article Mobile Multitasking. After reading his article and others like it, I decided to jump into the OS 4 multitasking write-up game.

Most of the multitasking talk centers around the fast app switching dock. I’m going to cover that later, but before we get there I want to review the different app states:  closed, suspended, and background.

Continue reading

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Featured post, iOS 4, iPhone, Speculation

iPad launch: Apple Store, The Falls in Miami

by Justin Horn on Apr 3rd, 2010 @ 9:09 am

Didn’t pick up an iPad today, but went to check out the goings-on at Apple Store, The Falls. Normally we head out to Miami Beach to get our iPhone and record the events, but since I didn’t have $500 + tax in my wallet we decided to keep it closer to home.

The line was pretty short, but makes sense considering you could order it and have it delivered this afternoon without having to get up at, quoting Modern Family, “6 AM or forget it”. They were playing some tunes for the line, starting with “It’s a beautiful day”, followed by a lot of Beatles’s songs. It was nice to see so many adults excited about their new “toy”. I use the quotes because we know it isn’t a toy…right!

There’s more, click here to see the pictures

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iPhone OS 4.0 poll is live!

by Justin Horn on Apr 1st, 2010 @ 9:55 am

Just last week we posted our big 4th gen iPhone poll, but the OS is driving the iPhone is just as important. Most of the features the iPhones have come from the software, not the hardware…copy and paste anyone? So hope on over to the poll page, make your vote and leave a comment letting us know what features you think it will have and when it’s hitting the streets!

when will iPhone OS 4.0 be released?

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It’s that time of year…4th gen iPhone poll is up!

by Justin Horn on Mar 19th, 2010 @ 11:08 am

This is what it’s all about, our biggest poll of the year is now live!  We come back in 2010 with another great prize… wait for it… a new 4th gen iPhone (tell your friends). Also, this year we have a bonus prize available so even if you lose you can still win. Check out the poll for complete details and remember you need to register with us to be prize eligible.

when will 4th generation iPhone be released?

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Tell us what you think the Apple Tablet will be called Google Wave invite giveaway

by Justin Horn on Jan 20th, 2010 @ 11:19 pm

The title says it all, just leave a comment letting us know what you think the new Apple Tablet will be called…iTablet, iSlate, etc. etc.  My personal favorite is MacBook touch, but it seems unlikely now with the latest iSlate and iPad rumors. Also, I guess it makes sense for them to break away from the MacBook name as this will be a very different device.

We will pick 2 comments at random to give the Wave invites to. If you already have Google Wave leave a comment anyway because it will be fun.

Also, don’t forget to register with When Will Apple and take your best release date guess for the yet to be named tablet device for a chance to win a $50 iTunes or Apple store gift card.

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Featured post, iPad, Macs, Speculation

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